Various Kinds of Dock Loading Apparatus
In order to ensure easy and safe offloading and loading of material at the harbor, use of dock loading equipment is vital. In this article we will look at the different types of equipment used in dock loading and some of their features.
Dock levelers is one such equipment. Dock levelers are used for facilitating easy transfer of material from the harbor to the trailers. They are important because they form a connection between the dock and the trailers thus making sure goods are transferred safely and easily. Dock levelers are of three types and this is dependent upon the mechanism they use. The types include the mechanical type, pneumatic, and the hydraulic type.
The least expensive is the mechanical type. It has a spring and chain mechanism that lifts or lowers the deck. Docks that handle big volume of goods commonly use hydraulic levers. they are automated and operated just by a push of a button. The pneumatic type operate by use of airbags. This type of levelers are steadily becoming popular due to their simplicity of operation and low maintenance.
There is another dock leveler type that is popularly used and it is called the vertical dock leveler. This is a hydraulic leveler that stays vertical when it is not being used. Due to this unique feature, it is easy to keep clean and keep its energy efficiency improved.
You should consider the volume of goods to be moved, the height adjustment and the weight a leveler can handle when choosing one.
Another dock loading gear is the vehicle restraint. This equipment ensures that safety is maintained at the harbor. Vehicle restraints are used to keep loading and unloading trucks at the dock in place. Disasters can result from accidental movement of trailers during the loading operations. One can use any type of vehicle restraint eg the mechanical, electro-mechanical or hydraulic types. While purchasing this loading equipment, you need to ensure that it is user-friendly.
Dock seals are another important equipment. Its the purpose is to seal the vents between the trailer and the door of the dock. This ensures there is no air leakage. It helps in preventing any contamination of the stored material and also ensures their safety. When air infiltration occurs, contamination results. We have the inflatable types which are the most popularly used. These are used to seal the top of the trailer as well as the flanks. Then there comes the pad seal which is very popular since its quite cheap.
There are many other dock equipment not discussed here like lights, bumpers, lifts and so on. Several factors should be considered before purchasing loading dock equipment. Some of those include, the manufacturer, cost, safety features and equipment specifications like the capacity to bear certain weight size and material of the equipment.